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Genetics

Genomes front and center of rare disease diagnosis

A research program pioneering the use of whole genome sequencing in the NHS has diagnosed hundreds of patients and discovered new genetic causes of disease. Whole genome sequencing is the technology used by the 100,000 Genomes ...

Neuroscience

Genetic malfunction of brain astrocytes triggers migraine

Neuroscientists of the University of Zurich shed a new light on the mechanisms responsible for familial migraine: They show that a genetic dysfunction in specific brain cells of the cingulate cortex area strongly influences ...

Psychology & Psychiatry

Humans navigate with stereo olfaction

"If in doubt, always follow your nose," said Gandalf in "The Lord of the Rings." Despite Gandalf's advice, humans tend to regard themselves as "microsmatic"—having a poor sense of smell. Human navigation is thought to rely ...

Diseases, Conditions, Syndromes

Bacterial predator could help reduce COVID-19 deaths

A type of virus that preys on bacteria could be harnessed to combat bacterial infections in patients whose immune systems have been weakened by the SARS-CoV-2 virus that causes the COVID-19 disease, according to an expert ...

Cardiology

Blood vessels can make you fat, and yet fit

Can obesity define health? It is a question for much debate. Still, obesity is generally classified into metabolically healthy obesity (MHO) and an unhealthy version of obesity. As we grow older, we tend to put on excess ...

Neuroscience

Tiny molecule could protect newborns from brain damage

Oxygen deprivation can be the worst start to a newborn's life, resulting in brain damage, epilepsy, developmental delays and death. It affects millions of babies around the world each year, either through pregnancy and delivery ...